International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry


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Research Article |

Manuring Effects on the Performance of Maize (Zea mays L.) and Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in a Relay Intercropping in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

Maize and groundnut are crops that are produced under diverse cropping systems using different manuring methods to improve productivity. The effects of poultry manure and NPK fertilizer on the performance of maize and groundnut in a relay intercropping was investigated in Akure, South Western, Nigeria with geographical coordinates 70 30’ 0” N, 50 14’ 0” E. The 3 x 2 factorial experiment was arranged in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. Factor A (NPK at 200kg/ ha, poultry manure at 5t/ha and no manure (control)) and factor B (Sole maize, sole groundnut and groundnut/maize intercropped at 3 weeks after groundnut establishment) were allocated with balloting method. Parameters of plant height, number of leaves, number of grains/cobs, weight of 100 grains and weight of 1000 grains were subjected to statistical analysis. Results showed that manures (poultry and NPK fertilizer) significantly increased both the growth and yield characters of maize and groundnut, though not significantly different at p<0.05 from each other but both were significantly higher at p<0.05 at all categories of measurements. Also, intercropping maize/groundnut at 3 WAP significantly influenced the growth and yield values of companion crops than sole maize or groundnut. Manure and intercropped systems interacted to increase groundnut/maize yield significantly than control and groundnut/maize, control and sole maize and control/sole groundnut yield. Maize/groundnut relayed at 3 WAP with application of 5t/ha of organic manure is therefore advocated in place of 200kg of fertilizer for farmers in the study area.

Relay – Intercropping, Manure, Sole, Growth, Yield

APA Style

Ola, O. S., Olaiya, A. P., Oyiekiena, A. S. (2024). Manuring Effects on the Performance of Maize (Zea mays L.) and Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in a Relay Intercropping in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry, 9(1), 1-7.

ACS Style

Ola, O. S.; Olaiya, A. P.; Oyiekiena, A. S. Manuring Effects on the Performance of Maize (Zea mays L.) and Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in a Relay Intercropping in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. Int. J. Bioorg. Chem. 2024, 9(1), 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbc.20240901.11

AMA Style

Ola OS, Olaiya AP, Oyiekiena AS. Manuring Effects on the Performance of Maize (Zea mays L.) and Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in a Relay Intercropping in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. Int J Bioorg Chem. 2024;9(1):1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbc.20240901.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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